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Animals as Domesticates: A World View through History by Juliet Clutton-Brock

By Juliet Clutton-Brock

Drawing at the most modern learn in archaeozoology, archaeology, and molecular biology, Animals as Domesticates strains the historical past of the domestication of animals all over the world. From the llamas of South the US and the turkeys of North the USA, to the farm animals of India and the Australian dingo, this interesting publication explores the heritage of the complicated relationships among people and their family animals. With specialist perception into the organic and cultural tactics of domestication, Clutton-Brock indicates how the human intuition for nurturing could have remodeled relationships among predator and prey, and she or he explains how animals became partners, cattle, and employees. The altering face of domestication is traced from the unfold of the earliest cattle round the Neolithic previous global via historical Egypt, the Greek and Roman empires, South East Asia, and as much as the fashionable business age.

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34 They must have been brought in boats from the Levant, where they are still to be found living wild in small numbers. It is probable that people began to move dogs, cats, deer, and many other species of animals with them as they traveled over the continents and onto the islands of Europe and Asia at the end of the Ice Age, and this set the stage for the later, slow migration of domestic livestock species from their centers of origin. 2 Settlement and Domestication in Eurasia AS THE ICE SHEETS MELTED IN NORTHERN EUROPE AND ASIA, THE CLIMATE OF THE Mediterranean region and western Asia became warmer and wetter, and the nomadic people, like those in the north, flourished by hunting the local wildlife and gathering the abundant edible plants and wild cereals.

The effects of climatic selection on domestic animals appears to be identical to the well-known correlations in size and body shape that can be seen in subspecies of wild animals across a geographical cline. This can be seen, for example, in the domestic cat, which in the cold climate of northern Europe has a heavy body and head, short ears, and relatively short legs, while in the hotter and drier Mediterranean region and farther south, domestic cats are lanky, with big ears and long legs like their presumed ancestor, the African wild cat, Felis silvestris lybica.

For thousands of years they have been attracted to human settlements, not only for these nutrients but also to the smoke from household fires. 29 Although individual reindeer probably lived as tamed animals since before the end of the last Ice Age, it seems that fully domesticated herds with individual reindeer that were used for draft and riding were not common until about 3,000 years ago. All the evidence comes from rock drawings in the Sayan Mountains on the border of Siberia and Mongolia, which combine the images of reindeer with other domestic animals: dogs, camels, and goats.

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