Home Climatology • America's Founding Fruit: The Cranberry in a New Environment by Susan Playfair

America's Founding Fruit: The Cranberry in a New Environment by Susan Playfair

By Susan Playfair

The cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, is one in all basically 3 cultivated culmination local to North the USA. the tale of this perennial vine started because the glaciers retreated approximately fifteen thousand years in the past. Centuries later, it saved local americans and Pilgrims alive during the wintry weather months, performed a job in a diplomatic gesture to King Charles in 1677, secure sailors on board whaling ships from scurvy, fed normal Grant’s males in 1864, and supplied over one million kilos of sustenance in line with yr to our international conflict II doughboys. at the present time, it's a strong instrument within the struggle opposed to a number of sorts of melanoma. this is often America’s superfruit.

This publication poses the query of ways the cranberry, and by means of inference different end result, will fare in a warming weather. In her try to overview the results of weather switch, Susan Playfair interviewed growers from Massachusetts west to Oregon and from New Jersey north to Wisconsin, the cranberry’s temperature tolerance diversity. She additionally spoke with scientists learning the wellbeing and fitness advantages of cranberries, plant geneticists mapping the cranberry genome, a plant biologist who supplied her with the 1st regression research of cranberry flowering instances, and a migrant beekeeper attempting to work out why the bees are loss of life.

Taking a broader view than the opposite books on cranberries, America’s Founding Fruit offers a short background of cranberry cultivation and its function in our nationwide heritage, leads the reader throughout the complete cultivation strategy from planting via distribution, and assesses the prospective results of weather swap at the cranberry and different crops and animals. may possibly the yank cranberry stop growing to be within the usa? if this is the case, what will be misplaced?

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Water sprayed from the sprinklers protects the vines from frost and irrigates the bogs during a dry spell. Because of the difference in terrain, frost may have been less of a problem for the Cape Cod pioneers who first cultivated the berry. Few trees grow on sand dunes close to the sea. Most cranberry bogs today are inland, surrounded by uplands and evergreens that tend to keep the cooler air on the depressed level of the bog and increase the chance of frost on the plants. Irrigation for frost protection is not limited to the spring period when the plant is most fragile.

To help conserve water, he normally irrigates at two in the morning instead of when the sun is up. In his truck a computer next to the driver’s seat allows him to monitor the temperature throughout the farm. Within a year he hopes to install computerized probes that will also monitor the humidity in the ground at the root level of the plants. ” Temperatures can go down to eighteen degrees in the winter without harming the plant, but once the plant comes out of dormancy, the new growth is too delicate to sustain temperatures at that level.

The 23 AM E R I CA’S FO U N D I N G F R U I T wealthy will have the cranberry, and it is immaterial to them whether they pay eight or twenty dollars per barrel. American cranberries, specifically from Cape Cod, had been sought after in Europe and Russia, where people’s palates had grown fond of the sweetened yet tart flavor of the smaller Oxycoccus variety growing in their native soils. The larger American berry was even more desirable. The earliest shipping records for cranberries from New England to Europe date from 1550.

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